BMW Footwell Module (FRM): Issue and Repair Guide

BMW Footwell Module (FRM): Issue and Repair Guide (2024)

The BMW FRM, or Footwell Module, controls various functions that you might use daily without giving much thought.

From the exterior sidelights to the power windows and mirrors, the FRM module ensures these features work as they should.

However, like any other component, it is not immune to issues.

This guide explains what the FRM module does, how to identify when it’s not working correctly, and the steps you can take to address these issues.

What does the FRM do in a BMW?

The Footwell Module (FRM) in a BMW is a control unit responsible for managing various comfort and convenience features related to lighting, windows, and mirrors.

BMW FRM module

The FRM module works by reading data from various sensors installed on the car and processes the data to control various features.

Here is a list of sensors that the BMW FRM module is connected to:

  • Light switch
  • Reversing light switch
  • Brake light switch
  • Hazard warning flasher switch
  • Height sensors
  • Door contacts in front doors
  • Driver’s door switch block
  • Driver’s side door lock

Here is a list of features that the FRM module controls:

  • (Adaptive) headlights
  • Taillights
  • Sidelight
  • Number plate light
  • Parking light
  • Fog light
  • Hazard warning lights
  • Interior dashboard lights
  • Ambient lighting
  • Front courtesy light
  • Rear courtesy light
  • Luggage compartment light
  • Glove compartment light
  • Footwell light
  • Power windows
  • Anti-trap protection
  • Side mirror adjustments
  • Automatic locking and unlocking of doors
  • Turn signals

Note: The BMW FRM is not the same module as the BMW DME.

Symptoms of a faulty BMW FRM module

When the FRM module begins to malfunction, it can manifest in various ways.

Here are some common symptoms that may indicate your FRM module is experiencing issues:

  1. Door lock malfunction. If you find that your BMW’s door locks are not responding to the key fob commands, it could be a sign of a faulty FRM module.
  2. Signal light failure. Another symptom is unresponsive turn signals.
  3. Fog lights and high beams not working. The FRM module controls the operation of your fog lights and high beams. If these lights fail to illuminate when activated, it’s a strong indicator that the FRM is malfunctioning.
  4. Reverse, license plate, and interior lights issues. If your reverse lights, license plate lights, or interior lights are not functioning, the FRM module could be the culprit.
  5. Non-operational gauge cluster lights. These lights are also controlled by the FRM module.
  6. Windows and power mirrors not working. The FRM module’s control over windows and power mirrors means that any malfunction can lead to issues.
  7. Fault codes on the gauge cluster. Your BMW’s diagnostic system may display fault codes on the gauge cluster if there’s an issue with the FRM module.
  8. Active headlights and auto-fold mirrors issues. If your BMW is equipped with active headlights or auto-fold mirrors that are not functioning correctly, it could be due to a failing FRM module.
  9. Driver’s door error and climate control issues. An error message indicating that the driver’s door is open when it’s not, or erratic behavior of the climate control system, can also be symptoms of an FRM issue.

Can you repair an FRM module?

You might wonder whether it’s better to repair, refurbish, or replace your BMW FRM module.

Here’s what you need to know:

If the FRM module in your BMW is faulty but not extensively damaged, a repair is a cost-effective option. The cost of repairing an FRM module is around $250.

The repair process involves diagnosing and fixing the specific issue within the module, which might include soldering loose connections, replacing failed components, or updating software.

If you’re comfortable with basic car maintenance tasks, you can remove the FRM module yourself, which usually takes about 20 minutes.

This allows you to send the module to a repair service, which you can find online. You can simply mail your FRM Module to a mechanic to get it repaired, and they will mail it back to you once it’s fully functioning again.

BMW FRM module repair service

For those who are particularly hands-on and plan to perform multiple repairs, purchasing the equipment to repair FRM modules is an option.

However, the cost of the proper tools is around $1,000, which is not justifiable for a one-time repair.

If the FRM module is beyond repair, you can buy a refurbished module for around $500 or a new one for approximately $800.

Note that a refurbished or new BMW FRM module must be programmed into your car to function correctly.

How do you remove and replace a BMW footwell module?

Here’s a step-by-step guide to remove and replace a BMW FRM module:

Begin by disconnecting the negative terminal on the battery to prevent any damage to the vehicle’s electronic systems.

Accessing the module:

  1. Locate the three T20 Torx screws under the dashboard and remove them to access the panel concealing the FRM.
BMW FRM module location
  1. Gently pull the panel down and straight back. During this step, you’ll need to disconnect several connections: an electrical plug on the left, the speaker, and the light. If you encounter a small component on the left side towards the front that’s difficult to disconnect, carefully pull back the tabs and disconnect it from the plastic panel instead of forcing the plug.
  2. Once the connections are detached, you can remove the plastic trim panel completely.

Further disassembly:

  1. Use a nylon trim tool to pry up the trim panel along the door opening. You’ll encounter four clips underneath; note that these clips may stay in place. If they do, make sure to remove them before reassembling the panel.
  2. Behind the hood release latch, there’s a Phillips screw that needs to be removed. The hood release lever, held in place by another Phillips screw, should also be detached. Once these screws are removed, the lever will slide off a rotational knob.
  3. As you remove the panel, disconnect the electrical plug for the trunk release.

Removing the FRM:

  1. The footwell module itself is secured with two 10mm plastic nuts. Remove these nuts, lifting the wires on the top side as necessary to access the top nut.
  2. The module has three connectors with white levers. Each connector has a small tab that must be pressed to release the lever. Pull back the lever, and the plug will detach from the module.

Installation of the new module:

  1. To install the new FRM, reverse the removal steps. Connect the plugs to the module, ensuring the levers are securely fastened.
  2. Reattach the module with the 10mm plastic nuts, ensuring it’s firmly in place.
  3. Reassemble the panels in the reverse order of disassembly, ensuring all screws are tight and all components are correctly connected.
  4. Reconnect the hood release lever and ensure the trim panels are securely clipped in place.

After the new module is installed, reconnect the negative terminal of the battery.

BMW FRM module fault codes

If you’re using an OBDII tool like OBDeleven, here are the fault codes that are related to the BMW FRM module:

  • 497F. Message Error (status, reverse gear, 0x3B0) Diesel Electronics Receiver Footwell Module Transmitter
  • A3B4. Message (lighting condition) Incorrectly, Transmitter FRM Permanent
  • A3C1. Message (FRM foot space module) Incorrectly receiver COMBI, Transmitter FRM – Permanent.
  • E72B / E72C. Window error.

How do you reset a BMW FRM module?

Resetting a BMW FRM (Footwell Module) is a procedure that many consider when encountering issues.

Typically, resetting the FRM module is not a guaranteed solution for resolving its issues. If the module is malfunctioning or broken, a reset will not address the underlying problem.

Some advanced OBD2 scanners have the capability to interact with the FRM module and can attempt a reset.

However, the reset process can be complex and might require specific steps that vary depending on the BMW model and the FRM version.

For most owners, especially those without technical expertise or the right tools, the best approach is to consult with professionals who can accurately diagnose and resolve problems with the FRM module.

Why do footwell modules fail?

BMW footwell modules are highly sensitive and can fail quickly.

Here are some common reasons why a BMW’s FRM module might fail:

  1. Battery-related issues. The FRM module is sensitive to changes in voltage. If the battery dies during an OBDII scan or if there’s an issue when replacing the battery, it can cause the module to malfunction. Similarly, jump-starting the car incorrectly can lead to voltage spikes that damage the FRM.
  2. Corrosion on electrical connectors. Over time, the electrical connectors linked to the FRM module can become corroded, especially if the vehicle is exposed to moisture or salt (from roads or coastal environments).
BMW FRM module exposed
  1. Water infiltration. One of the more common reasons for FRM failure is water infiltration. The footwell area can get wet from window seals failing, door seals leaking, or from the sunroof drainage system being blocked. Water can cause short circuits or corrosion inside the FRM, leading to failure.
  2. Wear and tear. Like all electronic components, the FRM module has a lifespan. Over time, with regular use, components within the module can wear out and fail. This is more common in older vehicles or those that have high mileage.


Did you have (or have solved) any issues related to your BMW’s footwell module?

Let us know in the comments below!

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